La liberté de la presse en jeux

LeMonde. NSA : ce que révèle l’arrestation du compagnon de M. Greenwald

Qui est Glenn Greenwald.?

Guardian. The destructive power of state snooping is on display for all to see. The press must not yield to this intimidation

August 20, 2013  You’ve had your fun: now we want the stuff back. With these words the British government embarked on the most bizarre act of state censorship of the internet age.  In a Guardian basement, officials from GCHQ gazed with satisfaction on a pile of mangled hard drives like so many book burners sent by the Spanish Inquisition. They were unmoved by the fact that copies of the drives were lodged round the globe. They wanted their symbolic auto-da-fe. Had the Guardian refused this ritual they said they would have obtained a search and destroy order from a compliant British court.

Two great forces are now in fierce but unresolved contention. The material revealed by Edward Snowden through the Guardian and the Washington Post is of a wholly different order from  WikiLeaks and other recent whistle-blowing incidents. It indicates not just that the modern state is gathering, storing and processing for its own ends electronic communication from around the world; far more serious, it reveals that this power has so corrupted those wielding it as to put them beyond effective democratic control. It was not the scope of NSA surveillance that led to Snowden’s defection. It was hearing his boss lie to Congress about it for hours on end.

Last week in Washington, Congressional investigators discovered that the America’s  foreign intelligence surveillance court, a body set up specifically to oversee the NSA,  had itself been defied by the agency« thousands of times ». It was victim to « a culture of misinformation » as orders to destroy intercepts, emails and files were simply disregarded; an intelligence community that seems neither intelligent nor a community commanding a global empire that could suborn the world’s largest corporations, draw up targets for drone assassination, blackmail US Muslims into becoming spies and haul passengers off planes.

Yet like all empires, this one has bred its own antibodies. The American (or Anglo-American?) surveillance industry has grown so big by exploiting laws to combat terrorism that it is as impossible to manage internally as it is to control externally. It cannot sustain its own security. Some two million people were reported to have had access to the WikiLeaks material disseminated by Bradley Manning from his Baghdad cell. Snowden himself was a mere employee of a subcontractor to the NSA, yet had full access to its data. The thousands, millions, billions of messages now being devoured daily by US data storage centres may be beyond the dreams of Space Odyssey’s HAL 9000. But even HAL proved vulnerable to human morality. Manning and Snowden cannot have been the only US officials to have pondered blowing a whistle on data abuse. There must be hundreds more waiting in the wings – and always will be.

Publicités

L’espionnage américain empoisonne les relations avec l’Europe

LaPresseLe programme mis en place par les États-Unis pour espionner leurs partenaires de l’Union européenne (UE) a causé une «rupture de confiance» et pourrait déclencher une «crise politique sérieuse», ont averti lundi les Européens, prêts à sanctionner un comportement jugé inacceptable.

«S’il est vrai que les Américains ont espionné leurs alliés, il y a aura des dégâts politiques. Cela dépasse de loin les besoins de sécurité nationale. C’est une rupture de confiance et on est parti pour quelque chose de très sérieux», a confié à l’AFP un responsable européen.

Pour le président français François Hollande, «les éléments sont déjà suffisamment réunis», et il a demandé aux États-Unis que «cela cesse immédiatement».

Guardian. NSA spying row: bugging friends is unacceptable, warn Germans

US attempts to downplay spying allegations as growing European anger threatens to derail transatlantic trade talks

Forage en mer: l’Union européenne resserre les règles

LeDevoir. Ces nouvelles contraintes sont beaucoup plus strictes que celles qui prévalent au Canada

L’Union européenne a voté mardi un resserrement des règles qui s’appliquent aux entreprises qui souhaitent mener des forages pétroliers ou gaziers en mer. Les règles qui s’appliquent dans les eaux européennes sont d’ailleurs beaucoup plus strictes que celles qui prévalent au Canada.

Selon la nouvelle directive approuvée par les eurodéputés réunis en session plénière à Strasbourg, les pétrolières devront élaborer des «plans d’urgence» pour chaque installation, détaillant les mesures envisagées en cas d’accident, notamment pour les déversements.

Tous les opérateurs devront montrer qu’ils disposent de «suffisamment de ressources matérielles, humaines et financières pour limiter et corriger l’impact d’un accident majeur éventuel», précise le texte.

Chômage à 12% dans la zone euro!

Unemployed Juan Bayes resorts to begging in Seville. Spain’s unemployment rate currently stands at just over 26%. Photograph: Marcelo Del Pozo/Reuters

TheGuardian . woes deepened on Tuesday after surveys revealed much of the continent locked into a spiral of declining manufacturing output and rising unemployment.

Predictions that the eurozone economies would stage a recovery this year appeared to be woefully wide of the mark as a long-run contraction in manufacturing accelerated and the number of unemployed people in the eurozone reached 12%. Across the wider, 27-country EU the total number of jobless is a record 26.3m.

Britain failed to shake off the gloom after bad weather and weak demand from the eurozone left the UK manufacturing sector contracting for a second successive month in March.

Factories in Germany and Ireland, which fared well last year compared to their counterparts in Spain and Portugal, also fell back into decline in March according to the purchasing managers index (PMI) compiled by Markit.

AP . LONDON (AP) — The eurozone economy has passed another bleak milestone.

Official figures Tuesday showed that unemployment across the 17 European Union countries that use the euro has struck 12 percent for the first time since the currency was launched in 1999.

Eurostat, the EU’s statistics office, said the rate in February was unchanged at the record high after January’s figure was revised up to 12 percent from 11.9 percent.

Spain and Greece have mass unemployment and many other countries are seeing their numbers swell to uncomfortably high levels as governments across the region enact tough austerity measures to get a handle on their debts.

The eurozone, which is made up of a little more than 330 million people, is one of the world’s major economic pillars and the turmoil surrounding it has been one of the main reasons why the global recovery has been muted.

A total of 19.07 million people were officially out of work in the eurozone in February, nearly two million more than the same month the year before. For the 27-country European Union, of which the eurozone is a large part, the unemployment rate was 10.9 percent.

« Such unacceptably high levels of unemployment are a tragedy for Europe and a signal of how serious a crisis some eurozone countries are now in, » said EU Employment Commissioner Laszlo Andor.

Chypre: les enjeux, les impacts possibles

Express . Sauvetage de Chypre: pourquoi la population crie au vol

WaPost . Why today’s Cyprus bailout could be the start of the next financial crisis

Economist . Unfair, short-sighted and self-defeating

Economist . What will savers do?

LeMonde . Pour son président, Chypre ne pouvait pas refuser le plan de sauvetage

LeMonde . Chypre, ou le risque d’une panique bancaire

Guardian . Brussels officials dispute over Cyprus’s financial future

CourrierIntern . VU DU PORTUGAL • Chypre : la politique des fous

Dans un éditorial au vitriol, l’historien et député indépendant portugais Rui Tavares dénonce avec vigueur la folie des dirigeants européens. La décision de taxer les comptes des Chypriotes pour sauver leurs banques annonce de sombres lendemains.

Les Européens font la grève et manifestent contre les mesures d’austérité

LeDevoir . Les manifestants étaient toujours nombreux en soirée au centre de Madrid, à l’occasion d’une journée grève générale en Espagne. Cette journée coïncidait avec des arrêts de travail similaires au Portugal et en Grèce, afin de protester contre les mesures d’austérité imposées par les différents gouvernements et réformes du travail.

Bruxelles — Des centaines de milliers d’Européens ont débrayé ou manifesté, mercredi, dans plusieurs capitales, afin de demander aux gouvernements d’arrêter de sabrer dans leurs avantages sociaux et de créer davantage d’emplois.

Travailleurs et chômeurs ont déclaré que l’Union européenne, qui compte 27 pays et un demi-milliard d’habitants, était paralysée par un «état d’urgence social».

Les manifestations, qui ont donné lieu à des affrontements avec les policiers en Espagne et en Italie, se sont surtout déroulées dans les pays les plus durement touchés par les mesures d’austérité mises en place pour ramener l’équilibre entre les dépenses et les revenus gouvernementaux.

Dans les États les plus riches, comme l’Allemagne, l’Autriche, les Pays-Bas et le Danemark, les manifestations ont été plus modestes et calmes.

LeMonde. Guardian .

Europe: un automne chaud

CourInter . Si le mois d’août a été relativement rassurant sur le front de la dette souveraine, les signaux indiquant que l’on se dirige vers un “septembre noir” pour l’euro se multiplient. La méfiance entre les Etats “vertueux” et les plus endettés atteint un niveau tel que l’UE se rapproche dangereusement du point de non-retour.

Nation. Europe’s trip down the highway to hell began with an original sin. At the birth of the euro, nations that adopted it and formed the European Monetary Union (EMU) gave up their national currencies. They could no longer “print” money to pay for expenses (despite the longtime use of keystrokes for this purpose, the image of stacked, crisp bills somehow hangs on). The European Central Bank, comparable to the US Federal Reserve, could increase the supply of euros, but individual nations could not.

Like each of the US states, each nation in the EMU became a user, rather than an issuer, of money. But each country kept control of taxing and spending through its own treasury. The design flaw—think major miscalculation, here—was the absence of a unifying body that could move resources from country to country in the event of local trouble, as the US government does between states.