Pour la première fois, selon le rapport annuel 2010 de BP, la consommation de pétrole mondiale a dépassée la production de 5 millions de barils par jours. Bienvenu au pic pétrolier!
Economist . Running dry
Jun 9th 2011, 15:09 by The Economist online
Oil production fails to keep up with demand
CRUDE-OIL prices shot up on June 8th—Brent crude to a one-month high of $118.59 per barrel—after OPEC representatives meeting in Vienna were unable to reach an agreement on production quotas. Many had expected an increase in quotas as members with spare production capacity, led by Saudi Arabia, pushed to avoid a price spike that may dampen long-term demand. As figures released in BP’s « Statistical Review of World Energy » show, global oil production has struggled to keep up with increased demand recently, particularly from Asia. In China alone consumption has risen by over 4m barrels per day in the past decade, accounting for two-fifths of the global rise. In 2010 consumption exceeded production by over 5m barrels per day for the first year ever, as world oil stocks were run down.