2008: l’année de la seconde grande dépression

[HopeDance] par Richard Heinberg, Senior Fellow, Post Carbon Institute

It’s becoming increasingly likely that 2008 will go down in history as the year the Second Great Depression began. The unraveling started with the subprime mortgage fiasco and is spreading fast. The total value of all US$-based mortgage bonds is $10.4 trillion, of which 30 percent is now expected to be lost in defaults and property devaluation. That’s $3.2 trillion in losses. Trillions more are likely to evaporate from the related derivatives markets. It’s true that the global economy is pretty big, and a few hundred billion get lost under sofa cushions from time to time (as happened during the savings and loan crisis of the 1990s), and still, life goes on. But when we’re discussing trillions of dollars (with a “T”), we’re talking real money.

Such things have happened before (in 1833, 1837, 1857, 1907, 1920, and 1929), but this time it’s different. Now the problem is not just financial mismanagement; there is a deeper instability: the global economy is based on a fundamentally unsustainable exploitation of depleting natural resources, and that whole system is teetering. In his essay, “Barreling into Recession: How Oil Burst the American Bubble,” Michael Klare points out that “The economic bubble that lifted the stock market to dizzying heights was sustained as much by cheap oil as by cheap (often fraudulent) mortgages.”


2 réflexions sur “2008: l’année de la seconde grande dépression

  1. Richard Heinberg’s analysis appears quite correct : the present economic bubble has been built on fast economic growth allowed by energy 1/produced at low cost 2/ sold at a cheap price and 3/ satisfying a growing demand. But as the average cost of producing energy rises, growth will get slower and slower and this bubble will probably become more and more unstable until it finally implodes.

    L’analyse de Richard Heinberg semble tout-à-fait correcte : La bulle économique actuelle s’est bâtie grâce à une croissance économique rapide fondée sur de l’énergie 1/ produite à faible coût 2/ vendue à bas prix et 3/ satisfaisant une demande croissante. Mais au fur et à mesure que le coût moyen de la production d’énergie augmentera, la croissance se ralentira, la bulle deviendra probablement de plus en plus instable et finira par imploser.


  2. immoralité, incompétence, mauvaise décision, cupidité, égoisme
    des décisionnaires = 2000 milliards de dollars de pertes.

Laisser un commentaire

Entrez vos coordonnées ci-dessous ou cliquez sur une icône pour vous connecter:

Logo WordPress.com

Vous commentez à l'aide de votre compte WordPress.com. Déconnexion / Changer )

Image Twitter

Vous commentez à l'aide de votre compte Twitter. Déconnexion / Changer )

Photo Facebook

Vous commentez à l'aide de votre compte Facebook. Déconnexion / Changer )

Photo Google+

Vous commentez à l'aide de votre compte Google+. Déconnexion / Changer )

Connexion à %s